Research Reports

Resilient Modulus and Strength of Base Course With Recycled Bituminus Material

Principal Investigator:

Woosung Kim, Joseph F Labuz

January 2007

Report no. Mn/DOT 2007-05

Projects: Resilient Modulus Strength of Base Course with Recycled Bituminous Material

Topics: Pavement design for cold climates

The objective of the research was to determine the strength and deformation characteristics of base material produced from recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and aggregate. Various samples with different ratios of RAP and aggregate base were mixed (% RAP/aggregate): 0/100, 25/75, 50/50, 75/25. Laboratory compaction testing and field monitoring indicated that gyratory compacted specimens were closer to the densities measured in the field. Resilient modulus (MR) tests were generally conducted following the National Cooperative Highway Research Program 1-28A test protocol. MR increased with increase of confining pressure, but MR showed little change with deviator stress. The specimens with 65% optimum moisture contents were stiffer than the specimens with 100% optimum moisture contents at all confining pressures. Cyclic triaxial tests were conducted at two deviator stresses, 35% and 50% of the estimated peak stress, to evaluate recoverable and permanent deformation behavior from initial loading to 5000 cycles. The specimens with RAP exhibited at least two times greater permanent deformation than the 100% aggregate material. As %RAP increased, more permanent deformation occurred. In summary, the base material produced with various %RAP content performed at a similar level to 100% aggregate in terms of MR and strength when properly compacted.

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