Determining Economic Strategies for Repair and Replacement of Low Slump Overlays of Bridge Decks
Justin M Zimmerman, Steven A Olson, Arturo E Schultz
Report no. MnDOT 2007-14
Topics: Bridge design and sensing
In the interest of providing tools for the cost-effective maintenance of an aging inventory of bridges, a method for comparing feasible repair/replacement sequences for low-slump concrete overlays for bridge decks is developed. The method relies on a technique for computing deterioration curves using inspection data from the National Bridge Inventory. Over twenty years of inspection data for bridge decks in Minnesota, which were overlaid with low-slump concrete overlays placed between 1974 and 1981, was used. The deterioration curves were assumed dependent on several material and geometric variables identified by means of a literature review, and the statistical significance of these parameters on deterioration rates was examined. These variables include span length, average daily traffic, and superstructure material type, and piecewise linear deterioration curves were constructed for various subgroups with similar deterioration characteristics. Present value cost analysis was used to price the available options by identifying the sequence of repairs that has the least cost while maintaining a specified performance measure. The present value analysis considers the costs and timing of repair/replacement sequences, inflation, and the discount rate.