Investigation of Low Temperature Cracking in Asphalt Pavements, National Pooled Fund Study -Phase II
Mihai O Marasteanu, William Buttlar, Hussain Bahia, Christopher Williams, Ki Hoon Moon, Eyoab Z Teshale, Augusto C Falchetto, Mugurel Turos
Report no. MnDOT 2012-23
The work detailed in this report represents a continuation of the research performed in phase one of this national pooled fund study. A number of significant contributions were made in phase two of this comprehensive research effort. Two fracture testing methods are proposed and specifications are developed for selecting mixtures based on fracture energy criteria. A draft SCB specification, that received approval by the ETG and has been taken to AASHTO committee of materials, is included in the report.
In addition, alternative methods are proposed to obtain mixture creep compliance needed to calculate thermal stresses. Dilatometric measurements performed on asphalt mixtures are used to more accurately predict thermal stresses, and physical hardening effects are evaluated and an improved model is proposed to take these effects into account. In addition, two methods for obtaining asphalt binder fracture properties are summarized and discussed.
A new thermal cracking model, called "ILLI-TC," is developed and validated. This model represents a significant step forward in accurately quantifying the cracking mechanism in pavements, compared to the existing TCMODEL. A comprehensive evaluation of the cyclic behavior of asphalt mixtures is presented, that may hold the key to developing cracking resistant mixtures under multiple cycles of temperature.
Other authors: Eshan Dave, Glaucio Paulino, Sarfraz Ahmed, Sofie Leon, Andrew Braham, Behzad Behnia, Hassan Tabatabaee, Raul Velasquez, Amir Arshadi, Sebastian Puchalski, Salvatore Mangiafico, Ashley Buss, Jason Bausano, Andrea Kvasnak.