Development of a Weigh-Pad-Based Portable Weigh-In-Motion System
Taek Mu Kwon
Report no. MnDOT 2012-38
Installing permanent in-pavement weigh-in-motion (WIM) stations on local roads is very expensive and requires recurring costs of maintenance trips, electricity, and communication. For county roads with limited average daily traffic (ADT) volume, such a high cost of installation and maintenance is rarely justifiable. One solution to bring WIM technologies to local roads is to utilize a portable WIM system, much like pneumatic tube counters used in short-duration traffic counts. That is, a single unit is reused in multiple locations for few days at a time. This way, WIM data is obtained without the cost of permanent in-pavement WIM stations. This report describes the results of a two-year research project sponsored by the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) to develop a portable WIM system that can be readily deployed on local roads. The objective of this project was to develop a portable WIM system that would be used much like a pneumatic tube counter. The developed system is battery operated, low cost, portable, and easily installable on both rigid and flexible pavements. The report includes a side-by-side comparison of data between the developed on-pavement portable WIM system and an in-pavement permanent WIM system.