Research Reports

Investigation of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Mixtures

Principal Investigator:

Michael S Sondag, Bruce A Chadbourn, Andrew Drescher

February 2002

Report no. MnDOT 2002-15

Projects: Investigation of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Mixtures

Topics: Pavement design for cold climates

This report presents the results of a study on recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) mixtures. The report includes a literature review on RAP and a summary of past research. The research focuses on the use of resilient modulus and complex modulus testing to compare mixtures compacted with only virgin materials to those compacted with varying amounts of RAP. The additional of RAP makes the mixture stiffer, as evidenced by an increase in resilient modulus and complex modulus measurements, according to the research. The addition of RAP also decreases the mixture phase angle, which corresponds to an increase in the elastic properties and a decrease in the viscous mixture properties. The report includes recommendations regarding the proper temperatures and loading frequencies for use in the complex modulus test. It also gives the percentage of RAP and the respective asphalt binder grade necessary to yield the stiffness similar to a virgin mixture.

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